Glossary #

Terms A-E #
Amazon AWS marketplace #

A provider for all aspects of the required infrastructure. This includes using AWS CloudFormation for provisioning, Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) for storage, Amazon Machine Images (AMI), and Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) for computes, Amazon Glue as metadata catalog, and others. For more information, see Amazon AWS Marketplace.

Bare-metal server #

A physical computer server dedicated to a single tenant. See bare-metal server

Catalog #

Catalogs define and name the configuration to connect to, and query a data source. For more information, see Data sources and catalogs.

Clock time #

See wall time.

Cluster #

A cluster provides the resources to run queries against numerous data sources. Clusters define the number of workers, the configuration for the JVM runtime, configured data sources, and others aspects. For more information, see cluster basics.

Connector #

Transforms the underlying data into the SEP concepts of schemas, tables, columns, rows, and data types. A connector is specific to the data source it supports, and are named as properties in catalogs.

Container #

A lightweight virtual package of software that contains libraries, binaries, code, configuration files, and other dependencies needed to deploy an application. A running container does not include an operating system. It uses the operating system of the host machine, typically Linux. Learn more at Container concept in the Kubernetes documentation.


Common off-the-shelf. Refers to commodity hardware components.

Data consumer persona #

Owns data products such as reports, dashboards, models, and the quality of analysis. For more information, see Starburst personas.

Data engineer persona #

Owns schemas and is responsible for the source data quality and ETL SLA. For more information, see Starburst personas

Data source #

A data source is a system from which data is retrieved. In Starburst products, you query that source by using a catalog, see Data sources and catalogs.

External ID (AWS) #

An external ID is an identifier in AWS that is required for using Starburst Galaxy. It is used to ensure that only trusted AWS accounts are given permission to operate the Starburst Galaxy clusters based on their assigned role and trust policy. For more information on AWS Identity and Access Management, see How to use an external ID when granting access to your AWS resources to a third party.

Terms F-J #
Google Cloud Marketplace #

Deploy in the Google Cloud Marketplace or using the Starburst Kubernetes solution on the Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE). GKE is a secure, production ready, managed Kubernetes service in Google Cloud managing for containerized applications. For more information, see Google Cloud Marketplace.

Terms K-O #
Marketplace #

Purchase a preconfigured set of machine images, containers, and other needed resources to run SEP on their cloud hosts under your control. See Marketplace deployments.

Microsoft Azure marketplace #

Deploy using in the Azure Marketplace or using the Starburst Kubernetes solution onto the Azure Kubernetes Services (AKS). AKS is a secure, production-ready, managed Kubernetes service on Azure for managing for containerized applications. For more information, see Microsoft Azure Marketplace.

Terms P-T #
Platform administrator persona #

Owns platforms and services (ITIL-style). Has service SLA responsibility for the infrastructure supporting the cluster. For more information, see Starburst personas.

Presto and PrestoSQL #

Old name for Trino.

Red Hat OpenShift marketplace #

A container platform using Kubernetes operators that automates the provisioning, management and scaling of applications to any cloud platform or even on-prem. Starburst Enterprise is available on Red Hat marketplace as of OpenShift version 4. For more information, see Red Hat Marketplace.

Starburst Enterprise platform #

A fully supported, enterprise-grade distribution of Trino. It adds integrations, improves performance, provides security, and makes it easy to deploy, configure, and manager your clusters. For more information, see Starburst Enterprise.

Starburst Galaxy #

An easy to use, fully-managed and enterprise-ready SaaS offering of Trino. Configure your data sources, and query your data wherever it lives. Starbursts takes care of the rest so you can concentrate on the analytics. For more information, see Starburst Galaxy.


Abbreviation of Starburst Enterprise platform. For more information, see Starburst Enterprise.


Structured Query Language. The standard language used with relational databases. For more information, see SQL.

Trino #

The fastest open source, massively parallel processing SQL query engine designed for analytics of large datasets distributed over one or more data sources in object storage, databases, and other systems. Formerly PrestoSQL. For more information, see Trino.

Virtual machine (VM) #

An emulation of the hardware of a computer system on a physical host machine, so any operating system suitable for that hardware can run in the emulator. A typical example is a Linux virtual machine running on a Windows-based host machine. See virtual machine.

Wall time #

The elapsed real time from start to finish. For more information, see elapsed time.

Example, wall time for query processing is the elapsed time between the a user submitting a query and receiving results.

Real-world time, clock time, and wall-clock time refer to the same amount of time.