CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW#
CREATE [ OR REPLACE ] MATERIALIZED VIEW [ IF NOT EXISTS ] view_name [ COMMENT string ] [ WITH properties ] AS query
Create and validate the definition of a new materialized view
view_name of a
query. You need to run the REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW
statement after the creation to populate the materialized view with data. This
materialized view is a physical manifestation of the query results at time of
refresh. The data is stored, and can be referenced by future queries.
Queries accessing materialized views are typically faster than retrieving data from a view created with the same query. Any computation, aggregation, and other operation to create the data is performed once during refresh of the materialized views, as compared to each time of accessing the view. Multiple reads of view data over time, or by multiple users, all trigger repeated processing. This is avoided for materialized views.
When the underlying data changes, the materialized view becomes out of sync with the source tables. Update the data in the materialized view with the REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW statement.
OR REPLACE clause causes the materialized view to be replaced
if it already exists rather than raising an error.
IF NOT EXISTS clause causes the materialized view only to be
created if it does not exist yet.
OR REPLACE and
IF NOT EXISTS are mutually exclusive clauses.
COMMENT clause causes a
string comment to be stored with
the metadata about the materialized view. The comment is displayed with the
SHOW CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW statement and is available in the table
WITH clause is used to define properties for the materialized
view creation. Separate multiple property/value pairs by commas. The connector
uses the properties as input parameters for the materialized view refresh
operation. The supported properties are different for each connector and
detailed in the SQL support section of the specific connector’s documentation.
After successful creation, all metadata about the materialized view is available in a system table.
Create a simple materialized view
cancelled_orders over the
that only includes cancelled orders. Note that
orderstatus is a numeric
value that is potentially meaningless to a consumer, yet the name of the view
clarifies the content:
CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW cancelled_orders AS SELECT orderkey, totalprice FROM orders WHERE orderstatus = 3;
Create or replace a materialized view
order_totals_by_date that summarizes
orders across all orders from all customers:
CREATE OR REPLACE MATERIALIZED VIEW order_totals_by_date AS SELECT orderdate, sum(totalprice) AS price FROM orders GROUP BY orderdate;
Create a materialized view for a catalog using the Iceberg connector, with a comment and partitioning on two fields in the storage:
CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW orders_nation_mkgsegment COMMENT 'Orders with nation and market segment data' WITH ( partitioning = ARRAY['mktsegment', 'nationkey'] ) AS SELECT o.*, c.nationkey, c.mktsegment FROM orders AS o JOIN customer AS c ON o.custkey = c.custkey;
Set multiple properties:
WITH ( format = 'ORC', partitioning = ARRAY['_date'] )
Show defined materialized view properties for all catalogs:
SELECT * FROM system.metadata.materialized_view_properties;
Show metadata about the materialized views in all catalogs:
SELECT * FROM system.metadata.materialized_views;